Obamacare enrollment: It’s not as bad as you think
Last week the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) provided enrollment statistics for Healthcare.gov and the state-run exchanges created by the Affordable Care Act (ACA).
Our Take: If you’ve been reading Our Take and its precursor, Business & Health, you might be inclined to believe that the ACA is on life support.
For one, the Trump administration has made no secret about its collective distaste for the health care law, now in its sixth year. Most recently, in its last tax package, the Republican-led Congress zeroed out the individual mandate penalty—a cornerstone of the ACA.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that 13 million people will lose or drop coverage as a result of this move over the next decade. The CBO also estimates that premiums will increase by about 10 percent each year, as healthier and younger people self-eliminate from risk pools within the states.
But before that, the Trump administration decided that it would defund any advertising and promotion for the ACA, and specifically any efforts to promote or facilitate Obamacare enrollment. Then there was the reduction in the enrollment period from 90 days to 45 days at the end of 2017. And, in one final jab, HHS officials announced that healthcare.gov would be shut down for maintenance for 12 hours every Sunday, throughout open enrollment.
Taken collectively, we expected enrollment to crater by the end of the year.
What happened? Exchange enrollment fell 3.3 percent to 11.8 million, down from 12.2 million in 2017—hardly a disaster. Despite all of the hurdles being thrown at it, at least for now, Obamacare is surviving.
Why? Because the people who are signing up for health care need it, and despite soaring premiums, state subsidies largely shouldered the burden.
Here are five facts the most recent data tell us about the state of the exchanges:
1. Enrollment growth (and decline) varies widely by state. Rhode Island had the most robust growth in enrollment, up 12 percent from 2017. Louisiana enrollment declined nearly 24 percent, at the bottom of the list two years running.
2. Premiums vary widely by state. Wyoming had the highest premiums, at $983 per month, while Massachusetts had the lowest, at $385 per month. There was only one insurer on the Wyoming exchange and fewer than 25,000 enrollees. In contrast, Massachusetts had five payer options—Aetna, Cigna, Kaiser, Oscar and Blue Cross—and 267,000 enrollees.
3. Premiums are on the rise. Premiums increased an average of 30 percent across all 39 Healthcare.gov states at $621 per month, compared with $476 in 2017.
4. Subsidies are compensating for premium increases. About 83 percent of consumers had their premiums reduced through an advanced tax credit. On average, those who received subsidies paid $89 per month in 2017, down from $106 in 2016. In Rhode Island, where there were such notable gains in enrollment, federal subsidies rose by 46 percent in 2017.
5. Consumers are switching to high-deductible plans. In 2018, 63 percent of consumers enrolled in mid-tier (silver) plans, compared with 71 percent in 2017. So, while coverage wasn’t being dropped, switching to high-deductible bronze plans might mean fewer visits to the doctor for preventive care.